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mod1 Module 4 Lesson 1 - The Rise and Fall of the Kingdom of Songhay - Glossary
Word Definition
sorko

Masters of the River; skilled fisherman who lived along the Niger River south east of Gao.

gabibi

Masters of the Soil; skilled farmers who lived along the Niger Rive to the north of Gao.

dynasty

a chain of rulers from the same family.

  cavalry

the part of an army or military force made up of soldiers on horseback.

  dethrone

to remove from a position of power or authority.

  askia

the Muslim family that ruled the Kingdom of Songhai.

  coup

the sudden violent overthrow of a government and seizure of political power, especially by the military.

  fanfa

a person who manages slaves.

  hi-kay

the commander of the navy.

  navy

all of the warships belonging to a country or ruler.

  dyina-koy

the commander of the army (for the kingdom of Songhay).

  army

the military forces of a country that doesn't include the navy.

  hari-farma

the minister in charge of navigation and fishing for the kingdom of Songhay.

  navigation

to guide along a route usually through water.

  fari-mundyo

the chief tax collector for the kingdom of Songhay.

  waney-farma

the minister in charge of property for the kingdom of Songhay.

  korey-farma

the minister of foreigners for the kingdom of Songhay.

  property

the items that a person owns.

  foreigner

a person from another country.

  sao-kow

the minister in charge of forests for the kingdom of Songhay.

  gadis

a judge who makes decisions based on Muslim laws.

  chieftain

a leader of a clan, group or tribe.

  nomad

a member of group with no fixed home and move according to the seasons.

  sultan

the ruler of an Islamic country.

  arquebus

an early musket or gun.

  sunni

means restored in Islamic.

  tyrant

a ruler who uses power harshly to hurt those that may challenge him/her.

  estate

a large piece of land property.

 

minister

a person selected by the ruler to act as manager of a department or area.

  invade

to attack as an enemy.

 

jihad

a war to defend the Islamic faith.

  Tuareg

a Berber speaking member of the Muslim people of the Sahara.

  Leo Africanus

the first person to write a history of the kingdom of Songhay.

  Mahmud al-Kati

a Soninke writer who wrote a history of Western Sudan.

  Mossi

people who lived below Gao and founded the Kingdom of Songhay.

  Walata

an important trans-Saharan trading town in south east Mauritania.

  Muhammad Naddiwo

governor of Timbuktu.

  Akil ag-Malway a Berber cheiftain who controlled Timbuktu in 1433.
  Taodeni

a salt mine in Mali.

  Askia Doud

ruler of the kingdom of Songhai from 1549 to about 1582 C.E.

  Al-Maghili

an Islamic scholar who advised Askia Mohammed.

  Askia Mohammed

ruler of the kingdom of Songhay from 1493 to 1528 CE.

  tribute

a payment by one ruler to another as a result of defeat; tax.

  Sunni Baru

ruler of the kingdom of Songhay from 1428 to about 1493 CE.

  Jenne

an important trans-Saharan trading town Mali.

  Timbuktu

an important trans-Saharan trading town Mali.

  Niani

the capital of the kingdom of Mali.

  Sundiata Keita

founder of the kingdom of Mali.

  Agades

a city in Niger that was part of the kingdom of Songhay.

  Assibai Father of Ali Kolon
  Ali Kolon

also called Sunni Al Ber (the Great); the first ruler of the kingdom of Songhay from 1463 to 1492 CE