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mod1 Module 1 Lesson 2 - Africa Yesterday - Glossary
Word Definition
Sahara Desert

the world's second largest desert.  It covers most of North Africa and part of West Africa, roughly 25 percent of the entire continent's land.

Old Stone Age

a period of the Stone Age beginning around 750,000 years ago when humans used stone as the main material for making tools.

New Stone Age

a period of the Stone Age beginning around 10,000 BC when humans improved stone tools and used them to help farm.

  fertile

rich in the material needed to grow crops.

  Nile River

the longest river in the world.

  clan

groups of people, usually families who joined together each performing a special job.

  blacksmith

a person who works with metal.

  kingdom

a group of villages joined together under the rule of a king.

  apprentice

a person who is studying and learning a job or skill; trainee; beginner.

  expert

a person with special skill or knowledge.

  village

a group of clans living together in a shared location.

  Egypt

an ancient civilization from North Africa.  Around 6,000 years ago this country had one of the greatest civilizations in the world.

  river bank

land controlling water flow.

  desert

a region that gets very little rain and cannot be farmed.

  ancestor

a person who came before others.

  empire

a number of small kingdoms joined together under one ruler.

  essential

important

  king

a ruler of a village or kingdom.

  Iron Age

also called the Age of Metals; began over two thousand years ago with the mining of iron and other materials.

  Age of Metals

also called the Iron Age; began over two thousand years ago with the mining of iron and other materials.

  Nok Culture

people from Nigeria who were the first to practice iron working.

  Dahomey

a kingdom located in what is now the southern part of Benin; founded in the late 1600s.

  Benin

a great kingdom of Nigeria.

  Yoruba

a people living primarily in southwestern Nigeria and eastern Benin; founders of the kingdoms of Ife, Oyo and Benin.

  Ife

the first Yoruba kingdom to emerge in Nigeria around 1000 CE.

  Oyo

a Yoruba kingdom of Nigeria; founded around 1300 CE.

  Ogun

the god of iron.

  Mande

a people of Guinea and Mali whose blacksmiths were highly valued and feared.

  nyama

the natural force central to all objects.

  endogamous

the Mande belief that only those born into a blacksmithing family could become apprentices.

  daliluw

the secret knowledge of nyama.

  camel

a large four legged animal that can carry more than 330 pounds. They can drink 26 gallons of water at one time and can go up to nine days before they need more water.

  trade

the act of buying, selling or moving one good for another good.

  Islamic World

a community of people who practice the religion of Islam.

  savanna

a tropical grass land with trees and shrubs.

  Arabic World

a community of people who speak the Arabic language.

  Arab

a person who speaks Arabic.

  Berber

a member of an ethnic group from North Africa.

  imports

goods coming into a kingdom and/or country.

  exports

goods going out of a kingdom and/or country.

  caravan

a group of people traveling together.

  C.E.

Common Era or Christian Era; after the death of Christ.

  ore

a naturally occurring mineral from which metals can be taken.

  smelting to melt ore in order to get metal from it
  forging

a workshop where metal is heated and shaped into objects by hammering.

  extracting

to pull something out, often using force.

  alloys

a substance that is a mixture of two or more metals.

Bronze is an alloy of copper and other metals.