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mod1 Module 1 Lesson 1 - Africa Today - Glossary
Word Definition
Eurasia

a large land mass containing the continents of Asia and Europe.

Asia the world's largest continent and part of Eurasia. It covers 1/3 of the world's land area and has more than 3.2 billion people (at least 3/5 of the entire world's population).

Europe the world's sixth largest continent and part of Eurasia.  It has 46 countries and the ancient civilizations of Rome and Greece developed there.
  Africa

the world's second largest continent but only has about 13 percent of the world's population.

  Sahara Desert

the world's second largest desert.  It covers most of North Africa and part of West Africa, roughly 25 percent of the entire continent's land.

  Berbers

the native people of North Africa who speak various Berber languages which a part of the Afro-Asiatic language family.

  Pygmies

refers to a member of a group whose adults average  height is less than 152 cm or (60 inches).  They live in central Africa, Malay Peninsula of Asia, the Philippine Islands, central New Guinea, and the Andaman Islands of India.

  Bantu

the name of a large group of African languages.  Over 400 closely related Bantu languages are spoken by different ethnic groups in eastern, central and southern Africa.

  Kola nuts

nuts taken from Kola trees, evergreen trees native to West Africa,  that contain caffeine.

  North America

the world's third largest continent. It has the fourth largest population in the world.

  population

total human inhabitants in a specific area like a city, state, country or continent.

  diverse

of various different forms.

  Mestizos

people of mixed European and Native American ancestry.

  deposits

material left behind in a land mass or earth.

  petroleum

or crude oil, is a liquid found in large amounts deep in the earth's surface.  It is used a fuel and a raw material in the chemical industry.

  natural gas

found together with petroleum in the earth's surface. It is changed into fuels that used in machines like water heaters, clothes dryers and cooking stoves.

  technology

the use of science to solve problems.

 

  manufacture

to make raw materials or goods into a finished product.

  equator

an imaginary circle around the middle of the earth's surface that equally divides the distance between the north and the south poles.

  continent

one of the main land masses of the earth including North America, South America, Africa, Antarctica, Australia, Asia and Europe.

  The Andes

a mountain range in western South America extending along the Pacific coast from Venezuela to Tierra del Fuego.

  drought

a long period with little to no rainfall (dry weather) causing very bad conditions for crop growth and health.

  derivative

a chemical material/liquid created from a related material/liquid.

Palm oil is a derivative of the fruit and seeds of the oil palm.

  Krills

a small shrimplike marine animal.  They are very important to the marine food web of Antarctica because they are eaten by whales and many birds.

  Australia

the world's smallest continent. It is the only continent made up of one country, the Commonwealth of Australia

  Aborigine

the earliest or original occupant of country or continent; usually used to describe the first people who lived in Australia.

  Sahel

means shore in Arabic. It is the semi arid shore that borders the southern Sahara