April 23, 1985 Ralph Waldo Ellison was presented the National Medal of Arts, the highest honor bestowed on an individual artist by the United States, by President Ronald W. Reagan. Ellison was born March 1, 1914 in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. He entered Tuskegee Institute on a music scholarship in 1933 but after his third year moved to New York City where he met Richard Wright who encouraged him to pursue a career in writing. Ellison had over 20 book reviews, short stories, and articles published in magazines between 1937 and 1944. He published the novel “Invisible Man” in 1952 and it won the 1953 National Book Award. Ellison published “Shadow and Act,” a collection of essays, and began to teach at Rutgers and Yale Universities in 1964. He received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation’s highest civilian honor, from President Lyndon B. Johnson January 20, 1969 and the following year became a permanent member of the faculty at New York University. He was elected to The American Academy of Arts and Letters and Oklahoma City honored him with the Ralph Waldo Ellison Library in 1975. Ellison died April 16, 1994. His manuscripts “Flying Home and Other Stories” (1996) and “Juneteenth” (1999) were published posthumously. “Ralph Ellison: A Biography” was published in 2007. The United States Postal Service issued a commemorative postage stamp in his honor in 2014.